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F-35 Lightning II

The F-35 Lightning II is a single-engine 5th-generation stealth air-to-ground fighter with advanced sensors, avionics, aerodynamics and a state-of-the-art AESA radar. The primary missions are air-to-ground
with secondary missions for air-to-air combat. The prime contractor is Lockheed-Martin with Boeing as a the main subcontractor.


There are 3 versions; the F-35A (1), F-35B (2) and the F-35C (3).

1. F-35A
The F-35A is the conventional version which needs a conventional runway for takeoff and landing. The F-35A will be the most produced version, mainly for the US Air Force.


Designation F-35 Lightning II
Prototype YF-35
Project name Joint Strike Fighter
Design organisation Lockheed Martin
Main secundary design organisations Pratt & Whitney
Production organisaton Lockheed Martin, Fort Worth, Texas, USA
Primary task Multi-purpose, ait-to-fround attack
Type aircraft 5th generation (stealth) fighter jet
Specials 5th generation (stealth) fighter jet
Length 15.7 meters
Height 4.38 meters
Wingspan 10.7 meters
Wing surface 42.7 m2
Aspect ratio  
Sweep back  
Engines 1x F135-PW-100 turbofan with afterburner
Thrust 40.000 pounds
Weight (empty) 13.282 kgs
Weight (start, maximum, MTOW)  
Weight (landing, maximum, MLW) 31.732 kgs
Required runway length (start)  
Required runway length (landing)  
Cruise speed  
Maximum speed Mach 1.6 with fully internal weaponload
Maximum range > 2223km
Fuel capacity 8278 kgs
Air-to-air-refueling capability Yes
Passengers none
Payload none
Armament Possible combination of:

- 25mm GAU kanon boardcanon
- 2000 pond GBU-31
Maximum weapon load 8160 kg
Maximum G resistance +9
Radar AN/APG-81 AESA
Avionics Possible combination of:

- AN/AAS-37 electro-optical Distributed Aperture System
- Electro-optical targeting system
- AN/ASQ-239 Electronic warfare system
- VSI Helmet Mounted Display System
- Integrated Communication , Navigation & Identificatiom
- Inertial Navigation System
- Global Positioning System
- 8'' x 20'' inch Multi-Function Display System
- UHF radio
- C-band, L-band, S-band
Type flight controls  
Landing gear  
Versions F-35A
Manufactured > 100 F-35s (all versions)
Crew 1
Costs +/- 70 million dollar (2009)
Overall flight hours  
First flight  
First delivery  
Operational since n.a.
Successor of A-10, F-16
Replaced by n.a
Comparable aircraft none
Operators (current and future) United States, Netherlands (Air Force), Israel, Norway (Air Force), United Kingdom (Navy and Air Force), Singapore
Main operators United States
Amphibious usage No
Status In production, in test phase, Initial Operational Capability

2. F-35B
The F-35B is a Short takeoff and Landing version, capable of vertical take-off and landing. Main user is the US Marine Corps.

STOVL versie demo film

US Marine Corps F-35B (MCAS Miramar 2018)

3. F-35C
The F-35C is the carrier version, capable of takeoff and landing from current and future aircraft carriers. The F-35C will be delivered to the US Navy.

US Navy F-35C (MCAS Miramar 2018)

F-35C F-35C

Some countries which are working with the United States are: the United-Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Canada, Australia and Norway.

F-35 F-35 F-35
F-35 F-35  

The F-35 is planned to be purchased by:

1. United States
2. Australia
3. Denmark
4. Israel
5. Japan
6. Netherlands
7. Norway
8. Singapore
9. Turkey
10. United-Kingdom

6. Netherlands

The Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF) ordered 46 F-35A's. The first 8 F-35's (initialy on Eglin AFB, Florida but since 2014 on Edwards AFB in California) were produced by Lockheed Martin in the Fort Worth, Texas plant. The remaining 36 F-35's are being assembled by the Alenia Aermacchi plant in Cameri (Italy).

On October 21, 2019 the first operational F-35A was delivered to Leeuwarden AFB (Netherlands). A second F-35A was delivered a few weeks later to Leeuwarden. The F-35's will be stationed on Leeuwarden and Volkel AFB to replace the F-16AM's.


In Juli 2013, the first F-35 was delivered to the Dutch Ministry of Defene. The aircraft was operated from Eglin AFB, Florida, untill the Dutch but was later moved to Edwards AFB in California.

Nederlandse F-35

8. Netherlands

In January 2020 the US approved a sale of 12 F-35B's (incl. 13 F135 engines) for Singapore, with an option of 8 more aircraft.

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Last updated: 10 January 2020